The Ottoman Empire was founded by Turkish tribes in Anatolia, which grew to be a powerful empire through the 15th to 16th centuries. With time, everything ages, evolve, adapts to the current living situation. This empire ruled for a certain period of time before their rule came to an end. The empire reigned for more than 600 years before the realm came down in 1922.
Their governance system was replaced by the Turkish Republic, with several successor states both in Europe and the Middle East. The kingdom struggled to maintain a centralized system of government and was slowly crumbling from within. By the time World War 1 was nigh, their end was inevitable since their system was already weak. The war finished what had already begun from within.
Scholars will argue that the Ottomans picked the wrong side during World War 1. Secretly signing a treaty with Germany turned out to be the worst decision made during the time. Because of this decision, approximately 500,000 soldiers who succumbed to diseases were lost, while another 4 million were injured, eventually becoming ill. When such manpower is put down in large numbers, there is no way you can defend your territory. Some argue that had they not made this decision, the empire could have survived the war.
Another reason for their downfall was the illiteracy of their people. The world is ever-evolving, and it takes a reading community to keep up with the trends. The kingdom may have had all the natural resources, but utilizing them becomes the main question at hand. When in a war, and you cannot improvise, then you are surely bound to lose. The kingdom had a shortage of trained engineers, clerks, military men, and doctors. This is probably why their soldiers kept on succumbing to diseases.
When their governance system changed, the Ottomans decided to expand their territory further into the world, to lands they conquered and claimed as their own. In these new territories, they still carried out their political, social, and economic activities as they would before their expansion. As they moved to these new spaces, they found communities displaced or assimilated into their governance. Those who resisted were taken in as slaves, while those who accepted their rule were taken into their system and taught their ways. Such actions caused the spread of their traditions to those found there, sharing their way of life and even their language. These communities were forced to learn this new language to communicate with them easily and act as translators.
Ottomans were Islamic in terms of religion but had three main languages spoken within them. One was Turkish, spoken by most of their people except for those Muslims in Albania, Bosnia. The people also spoke Persian, which was mainly reserved for those who’re educated, meaning you had to go through their education method to learn it. The Ottomans also spoke Arabic, which was common in Arabia, Iraq, and their environs. Throughout their reign, there was an official language spoken through all their territories, a mixture of Arabic with Persian vocabulary. Islam is considered more of a religion than a language, just like Christianity is a religion.